SEGH Articles

Arsenic Biogeochemistry and Health

04 November 2014
The success of the 29th SEGH conference produced a special issue of papers presenting recent advances in various aspects of environmental and health impacts of contaminants, published in Environmental Geochemistry and Health

 

The 29th international Conference for Environmental Geochemistry and Health was held in Toulouse, France, from July 8th to 12th 2013 (http://segh2013.sciencesconf.org/). This annual meeting of the SEGH brought together 160 scientists from 35 countries to exchange ideas and results about regular topics (Biogeochemistry and Health, Biogeochemistry and Ecotoxicology, Spatial and Temporal Records of Pollution including Catchment Studies), as well as in Special Sessions (Frontiers in Mercury Biogeochemistry, Bioaccessibility of Pollutants in Soils and Vegetables, Arsenic: Current Issues of Speciation, Environmental Behaviour and Human Health Impacts). The participants had the occasion to present their work as well as learn from colleagues during three days of parallel sessions and outdoor poster sessions under the warm sun of Toulouse.


The success of this 29th event had several outcomes in the form of special issues. The first special issue was a collection of thirteen original papers presenting recent advances in various aspects of environmental and health impacts of contaminants, published in Environmental Geochemistry and Health, the SEGH Journal (http://link.springer.com/journal/10653/36/5/page/1). All the SEGH members have free access to this journal. A second special issue, published in Environmental Chemistry, grouped papers presented in one of the three special sessions, which was dealing with arsenic biogeochemistry and health, as well as the state of the art works in arsenic research (http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/188/OnlineEarlyFlag/1.htm).

We encourage the SEGH members to take a closer look at these two special issues as well as to participate in future SEGH events and submit papers to our journals!

On behalf of the 29th SEGH conference organising committee as well as the guest editors of these two special issues, we warmly thank all the contributors for their valuable inputs.


Francois De Vleeschouwer & Kevin Francesconi. 

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    Abstract

    The paper presents the results of the model experiment on spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) grown in polluted soil. The influence of separate and combined application of wood biochar and heavy metal-tolerant bacteria on morpho-physiological, anatomical and ultrastructural parameters of H. vulgare L. has been studied. The joint application of biochar and bacteria increased the shoot length by 2.1-fold, root length by 1.7-fold, leaf length by 2.3-fold and dry weight by threefold compared to polluted variant, bringing the plant parameters to the control level. The maximal quantum yield of photosystem II decreased by 8.3% in H. vulgare L. grown in contaminated soil, whereas this decrease was less in biochar (7%), bacteria (6%) and in combined application of bacteria and biochar (5%). As for the transpiration rate, the H. vulgare L. grown in polluted soil has shown a decrease in transpiration rate by 26%. At the same time, the simultaneous application of biochar and bacteria has led to a significant improvement in the transpiration rate (14%). The H. vulgare L. also showed anatomical (integrity of epidermal, vascular bundles, parenchymal and chlorenchymal cells) and ultrastructural (chloroplasts, thylakoid system, plastoglobules, starch grains, mitochondria, peroxisomes, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, vacuoles) changes, revealed by light-optical and transmission electron microscopy of leaf sections. The effects were most prominent in H. vulgare L., grown in polluted soil but gradually improved with application of biochar, bacteria and their combination. The use of biochar in combination with metal-tolerant bacteria is an efficient tool for remediation of soils, contaminated with heavy metals. The positive changes caused by the treatment can be consistently traced at all levels of plant organization.

  • Earthworms and vermicompost: an eco-friendly approach for repaying nature’s debt 2020-01-23

    Abstract

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    Graphic abstract